Ethereum, denoted by ETH, is a pioneering smart contract platform that lets developers build decentralized applications, fondly referred to as dapps. A brainchild of Vitalik Buterin, Ethereum was conceptualized in 2013 and has been dramatically shaping the blockchain ecosystem since its inception. It is important to note that ETH serves as the native currency of the Ethereum platform and also covers the transaction fees rendered to miners on the Ethereum network.
This decentralized, open-source platform's standout feature lies in its support for smart contracts. In essence, a smart contract is a self-executing computer program that springs into action the moment specific conditions are met. This characteristic allows a code to run exactly as programmed without the risk of downtime, censorship, fraud, or third-party interference. Consequently, Ethereum facilitates the exchange of various forms of value, from money and content to property and shares. The datum that all states and data on Ethereum are distributed and publically available only amplifies its distinction.
Ethereum's essence lies at the heart of its smart contracts, which developers can leverage to program digital value using coding languages. These digital contracts are key to enabling various decentralized applications (dapps) on Ethereum, including tokens, decentralized finance (DeFi) apps, non-fungible tokens (NFTs), lending protocols, and decentralized exchanges.
An integral part of Ethereum's ecosystem is its Gas, a fee levied for all transactions and smart contract executions on its network. To be technically precise, Gas refers to a measure of the computational effort required to carry out an operation or a smart contract. Therefore, the complexity of operation execution directly impacts the amount of Gas required for fulfilling that specific operation. All Gas fees are paid exclusively in ETH, which may fluctuate over time, contingent upon network demand.
As of its last update, there are 120.2M Ethereum currently in circulation. Notably, when the Ethereum network went live on July 30, 2015, it started with a whopping 72 million premined Ethereum.
As per the latest available data, the price of one Ethereum (ETH) is $ 2,935.12. Over the past 24 hours, the price decreased by -0.68%. This puts Ethereum at a market cap of $ 352.7B, ranking it as the #3 largest cryptocurrency.
Ethereum is widely accessible and can be purchased from several notable cryptocurrency exchanges such as Binance, Bitforex, Coinbase Pro, YoBit. Buyers should peruse the offerings across multiple exchanges to find the most suitable deal. It's crucial to note that the demand will define the currency's value and hence it is subject to variations.
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